0.8 C
Wednesday, January 20, 2021

80 years ago, the Tripartite Pact was signed in Berlin

Must read

The Spanish Ministry of Truth

On September 15th, 2020 the Spanish Council of Ministers approved the Draft Bill of Democratic Memory that will punish those who disagree...

About the very different drinking culture in Taiwan

In Mandarin, days and months don’t have proper names like in Western languages, but are just numbered. So the 9th of September...

Chinese food in the West

The quality and variety of Chinese food in the West, Spain included, has increased significantly in the last two to three last...

In memoriam Lee Teng-hui, first native President of Taiwan

Lee Teng-hui, one of Asia’s most relevant leaders of the 20th century, passed away on July 30th, aged 97.
Flying Dutchman
Flying Dutchman
For detailed biographical information, please check the very first article of this blog. Thanks!

The Tripartite Pact, also known as the Berlin Pact, was an agreement between signed on September 27th, 1940 between Germany, Italy and Japan by German Minister of Foreign Affairs Joachim von Ribbentrop (1893-1946), Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs Gian Galeazzo Ciano (1903-1944) and Japanese Ambassador to Germany Saburō Kurusu (1886-1954).

The defensive military alliance was later joined by Hungary, Romania and Slovakia on November 20th, 23rd and 24th, 1940. Bulgaria and Yugoslavia did the same on March 1st and March 25th, 1941.

In the latter case, it provoked a coup d’état in Belgrade on March 27th, which led to an invasion by Germany, Italy and Hungary on April 6th. As a result, the former Yugoslav republic of Croatia gained independence and acceded on June 15th 1941.

As Germany and Japan had already been allied since the signing of the Anti-Comintern Pact on November 25th, 1936, the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact of August 23rd, 1939 between Germany and the Soviet Union came as a surprise to Japan.

Especially, as at the time it was engaged against the Soviets in the Battles of Khalkhin Gol in Mongolia, which ended in September of that year in defeat for Nippon.

The Soviet–Japanese Neutrality or Japanese–Soviet Nonaggression Pact was inked on April 13th, 1941 in Moscow. In consequence, Tokyo refused German calls to intervene in Operation Barbarossa, which began on June 22nd, 1941.

In the document, Japan, Germany, and Italy considered it as the condition of any lasting peace that all nations in the world be given each its own proper place.

Therefore, they decided to cooperate with one another in their efforts in the regions of Europe and Greater East Asia, respectively. Their prime purpose was to establish and maintain a new order of things, calculated to promote the mutual prosperity and welfare of the peoples concerned.

The three governments expressed their desire to extend cooperation to nations in other spheres of the world that were inclined to direct their efforts along lines similar to their own.

They would assist one another with all political, economic and military means if one of the Contracting Powers was to be attacked by a Power at that time not involved in the European War or in the Japanese-Chinese conflict.

Such wording notably excluded those who had invaded Poland on September 17th, 1939. The three Contracting Powers explicitly affirmed that the agreement in no way affected the political status between them and Soviet Russia.

Directed primarily at the Unites States, the Pact´s practical effects were nevertheless limited since the Italo-German and Japanese operational theaters were on opposite sides of the world and the three countries had disparate strategic interests.

It was however invoked following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941, as the US declared war on Japan the next day. Germany and Italy fulfilled their obligations on December 11th. World War II had definitely become a global conflict.

- Advertisement -

More articles


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

- Advertisement -

Latest article

150 years of German history and nothing to celebrate?

On January 18th, 2021, what was left of Germany after World War II and finally reunited on October 3rd, 1990, could and...

Japanese Don Quixote plans to conquer Taipei

Japan’s biggest discounter Don Quijote, named after the most famous novel about a crazy nobleman (spelled Don Quixote in English) by the...

Travelling with pets these days isn’t an easy task

Theoretically I have only three months left in Valencia, as from April 11th, 2021 I’m allowed to take my two cats back...

Oppositional TPP held its first National Convention in Taipei

The Taiwan People’s Party (TPP), the youngest opposition force on the island, held its first National Convention in Taipei on January 10th,...

One year ago, Prague and Taipei became twin cities

Prague and Peking signed a sister-city agreement on March 30th, 2016, just after Chinese President Xi Jinping had finished a two-day state...